Cabo Pulmo National Park

10 things you should know about Cabo Pulmo National Park:

  • Off the coast of Cabo Pulmo is the biggest coral reef found in the Gulf of California and due to its age it could be the oldest reef in the American Pacific.
  • Because of its environmental importance and to protect it from overfishing, a group of native settlers from Cabo Pulmo was organized and with the support of the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur, petitioned the federal authorities to decree this marine area as a Protected Natural Area.
  • Thanks to this initiative and the joint effort of the community, scientists, scholars, civil society organizations and the municipal, state and federal government, a 7 thousand 111 hectares marine reserve was created on June 6, 1995, in Cabo Pulmo, under the category of National Park.
  • Unlike other parts of the world, in 25 years of protection, the coral reef of Cabo Pulmo has recovered from overfishing, becoming the marine area with the highest concentration of fish throughout the Gulf of California.
  • The protection and recovery of the marine community and the reef have enabled the comeback of migratory species like the whale shark, giant mantas, humpback whales, sea turtles and sharks.
  • This area is one of the most important in Baja California Sur for the reproductive cycle of sea turtles. Here, 3 out of 7 species of sea turtles in the world nest, including the olive ridleysea turtle and the leatherback sea turtle which are endangered.
  • This richness has been recognized internationally. In 2005 Cabo Pulmo was integrated into the RamsarConvention on Wetlands of International Importance.
  • Cabo Pulmo is one example of the environmental and economic benefits that healthy ecosystems provide, becoming one of the main diving spots in the Mexican Pacific and an important receiver of nature tourism in the state; generating the economic spill of 106 million pesos a year through the autonomous and free diving activities.
  • Besides representing revenue for the tourism industry, the Cabo Pulmo reef is a source of life which exports annually to the surrounding fisheries a total of 932 tons of fish, with a commercial value of 22.4 million pesos a year, contributing to the food security of the region.
  • Cabo Pulmo has become a world example of marine conservation with the participation of the community, who keep promoting the sustainable tourism development model.

Cabo Pulmo